Top Leadership  
Hu Jintao
Hu Jintao
Wu Bangguo
Wu Bangguo
Wen Jiabao
Wen Jiabao
Jia Qinglin
Jia Qinglin
Zeng Qinghong
Zeng Qinghong
Huang Ju
Huang Ju
Wu Guanzheng
Wu Guanzheng
Li Changchun
Li Changchun
Luo Gan
Luo Gan
Communist Party of China>>Theory & Opinion
00:00, September 15, 2004

Editorial: Basic political system to guarantee people as masters
The following is People's Daily editorial published to mark the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the National People's Congress (NPC). Full text is given below.
In the great course of the people of all ethnic groups of China who are building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, we have welcomed in the 50th anniversary of the founding of the National People's Congress.
Today 50 years ago, Comrade Mao Zedong solemnly declared: "The First Session of the First National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China is held today in Beijing, the Chinese capital." This event marks the fact that the system of the Chinese National People's Congress has been set up throughout the country, and construction of China's political power and the socialist democratic legal system has entered a new period of historical development.
In October 1949, the People's Republic of China was born, the Chinese people became masters of the new state and new society, thus opening up a new era in Chinese history in which the people are masters governing state affairs. Instituting the people's congress system in China is the necessary choice in the development of Chinese society since the dawn of modern times, is the common wishes of the people of all ethic groups of China, is the fruit of the struggle waged by our Party in leading the people in protracted revolution and construction, and is a great creation by the Communist Party of China (CPC) in integrating the basic principles of Marxism with the concrete practice of China.
The newborn state power and the new system represent the interest, and pool the will, of the people, so that the people really exercise the democratic power in the capacity as masters of their own affairs, this represents a brand-new page and a great leap in the development of Chinese history.
In the past 50 years, particularly in the 20-plus years of reform and opening up, under the leadership of the CPC, the system of the National People's Congress has witnessed constant consolidation and perfection, demonstrating its strong vitality and tremendous superiority. The NPC together with its Standing Committee has conscientiously performed the sacred duty entrusted by the Constitution and laws, earnestly strengthened legislative work, carried out supervisory work according to law, seriously strengthened its own construction and promoted the process of administering the state according to law and building a socialist country ruled by law, thus playing an significant role in advancing the reform, opening up and modernization drive.
Practice in the past half century has fully proved that the people's congress system is China's fundamental political system, is a summary of the experiences gained by our Party in the long-term construction of people's political power, and is an important way and the supreme realization form for the Chinese people to become masters of their own affairs, embodying the political superiority and characteristics of China's socialist system. This fundamental political system expresses the nature of our state and conforms to China's national condition, it can guarantee that all people take unified exercise of state power, fully mobilize the enthusiasm and initiative of the people being masters of the country, and help organs of state powers to work in cooperation with due division of labor and make concerted efforts to organize socialist construction.
Fifty years of practice have also proved that in upholding and perfecting the people's congress system, the most fundamental thing is to maintain an organic unity of upholding Party leadership, ensuring the people being masters and administering the country according to law. The CPC's exercise of power means leading and supporting the people and guaranteeing their status as masters, mobilizing and organizing the broadest section of people to administer state and social affairs according to law, managing economic and cultural undertakings and safeguarding and realizing the fundamental interests of the broad masses of people.
The goal of building a relatively affluent society in an all-round manner is the objective for the comprehensive development of socialist economy, politics and culture with Chinese characteristics. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to develop socialist democratic politics, build socialist political civilization, uphold and perfect the people's congress system, develop democracy, strengthen the legal system, administer the country according to law and construct a socialist country ruled by law. In the face of the new situation and new tasks, the NPC undertakes a glorious mission and heavy responsibility, playing an increasingly important role in state life. To meet the need of the magnificent goal of comprehensively building a well-off society, we should further strengthen and improve legislative work and constantly improve the quality of legislation; we should actively improve and step up the work of supervision, continually enhance the practical result of supervision, promote legal administrative and fair judicial work and safeguard the unity of the state legal system; we should strengthen the self-construction of the NPC and its Standing Committee, always maintain close ties with the masses and strive to open a new phase in work.
The building up of ruling capability is a fundamental construction of our Party after it holds power. An important aspect of raising the Party's leading level and ruling ability is to adhere to the basic strategy of running the state according to law, regard administration as a basic method for the Party to run the state and exercise administration, persist in carrying out activities within the scope of the Constitution and laws, act strictly according to law, and be good at using state power to handle state affairs. The Party's important propositions on state affairs should be taken as proposals to be submitted to the NPC, so as to make them the will of the state through legal procedures. Doing so is conducive to unifying the propositions of the Party and the will of the people and to better mobilizing and organizing the people to implement the Party's propositions, to ensure that our Party always stands in the van leading the people forward. Party committees at all levels should fully understand the importance of the work of the NPC, conscientiously strengthen leadership over the work of the NPC, be concerned with and support the work of the NPC and give full play to the role of the NPC.
The NPC has traversed a 50-year glorious course. A continual perfection of the people's congress system will surely usher in a bright future in which we will have much to accomplish. Let's rally closely around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Hu Jintao as the general secretary, hold high the great banner of Deng Xiaoping Theory and the "three represents" important thought, unite as one, work in a down-to-earth manner, exert ourselves to make progress, and strive to uphold and perfect the people's congress system, develop socialist democratic politics, build socialist political civilization and continuously push forward the socialist cause with Chinese characteristics.
The above editorial was published on the front page of People's Daily, September 15, 2004 and translated by People's Daily Online

Tell a friend Print friendly Version Print friendly format Save to disk Save this


Copyright © 1997-2006 by www.people.com.cn. all rights reserved